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The Moscow mayor's office wants to hide underground communication cables stretched through the air between the houses. The recent attempt to force the operators to do so in Kazan turned into a scandal. But in Moscow no one will be forced, promise the officials
Today, employees of the Department of Information Technology (DIT) of Moscow City Hall and their counterparts from local branch of Federal Service for Supervision in the Sphere of Telecom, Information Technologies and Mass Communications (Roskomnadzor) will sign a cooperation agreement. It will be devoted to improving the quality of telecommunications in Moscow and air wire lines, told "Vedomosti" representative of DIT. According to him, the agencies will establish a special working group whose purpose is to understand what it is necessary to transfer communication cables stretched through the air underground. To bury copper and fiber underground DIT wants for aesthetic reasons: cables spoil the cityscape. Roskomnadzor does not mind the wires between the houses, if they were put into operation in accordance with the law, told "Vedomosti" its representative Mikhail Vorobyov.
Into a scandal turned the struggle against the wires between the houses in Kazan. Tatarstan Government Order dated July 12, 2011 effectively banned the stretch wire between the houses, and on October 18 in Kazan unknown perpetrators cut the cables on the rooftops. Some operators of Tatarstan themselves had previously rushed to dismantle the wires between the houses. "Tattelecom" "is forced to withdraw hundreds of miles of cables and incur substantial costs", - said to "Vedomosti" operator’s representative Evita Samozhenova.
"We, unlike our counterparts will not act rashly and take someone else's property" - promises a representative of DIT. Communications wells are served in Moscow by "Moscow city telephone network" (MGTS). Laying cables underground is more expensive, admits Valery Kuzmenko, a representative of MTS, which owns MGTS. According to her, every year, MGTS receives several thousand applications from other operators and the company does not deny anyone if there are no technical limitations. "Rates for rental of canalization are draconian" - objects Director of Business Development of the operator "Gorcom" Alexander Militsky. True, Though, he found it difficult to call the numbers. But even without taking into account the transfer of cables underground means "thousands of kilometers of cable," which would cost "tens or even hundreds of millions of dollars."
MGTS and SUE "Moscollector", which own about 90% of all wells in the capital’s underground charge for the rental of cable wells from 3200 to 9000 rubles per mile per month.
However, as they say in MGTS, canalization is filled almost completely, and if you remove all the air lines of communication, its resources may not be enough.
Executive Director of the National Association of Home information and communication networks (NAHICN) Alexander Vasilyev believes that in the case of the dismantling of all overhead lines of small operators (5-7 thousand subscribers) they will not survive, because would not be able to finance transport infrastructure under the ground. Middle-tier operators (50-70 thousand subscribers), will likely have to sell their business. Large companies ("Akado", "Vimpelcom", "Central Telegraph", "Mostelecom") would have to face billions in costs.
Moscow providers also note that if the wires have to move underground, the cost of services for clients will grow up significantly.
"Akado" lays cable underground, said a representative of the operator Denis Rychka. However, he said, it is not only expensive but also much more difficult: the ground has always the owner with whom one should to negotiate and the air "belongs to no one."